Pathophysiology test bank chapter 1 to 14 questions and answers by

Pathophysiology: A Practical Approach

Lachel Story

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_____ 1. The movement of water or another solvent across the cellular membrane from an area of low solute concentration to an area of high solute concentration is referred to as

A. meiosis. B. osmosis. C. lysis.

D. mitosis.

_____ 2. Cells become specialized in their structure and function through A. proliferation.

B. atrophy.

C. differentiation. D. pinocytosis.

_____ 3. Eradicating the disease is the goal of A. palliative treatment.

B. all cancer treatment. C. prophylactic treatment. D. curative treatment.

_____ 4. The fetus is most vulnerable to environmental influences during which period of gestation?

A. 10 to 15 days

B. The first 30 days C. 15 to 60 days

D. The first trimester

_____ 5. Which form of cellular adaptation occurs because of decreased work demands on the cell?

A. Hypertrophy B. Hyperplasia C. Atrophy

D. Metaplasia

_____ 6. What are the sex chromosomes that a female has? A. Paired X chromosomes

B. Autosomes

C. One X and one Y chromosome D. Two Y chromosomes

_____ 7. Which disorders are passed from an affected parent to an offspring regardless of sex?

A. Sex-linked disorders B. Fragile X syndrome

C. Autosomal dominant disorders D. All of the above

_____ 8. Gangrene is a form of A. caseous necrosis.

B. liquefaction necrosis. C. coagulative necrosis. D. fat necrosis.

_____ 9. The genetic information for a cell is contained in the A. nucleus.

B. organelles. C. lipid bilayer. D. cytoplasm.

_____ 10. The disease state of a neoplasm is A. apoptosis.

B. atrophy.

C. exocytosis. D. cancer.

_____ 11. A possible teratogen is a(n) A. lipid bilayer.

B. allele.

C. infection.

D. chromosome.

_____ 12. How many chromosomes do we have? A. 23

B. 46

C. Several thousand D. About 3 billion

_____ 13. Selective permeability allows free passage in and out of cells to A. enzymes.

B. glucose.

C. electrolytes.

D. all of the above.

_____ 14. Which type of cellular adaptation is undergone by the muscles of an extremity that has been in a cast for a long period of time?

A. Hypertrophy

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