Objective of this assignment: To put theories into conversation with each other, in order to appreciate that:
Ideas are not isolated or made in a vacuum, but are created by real people grappling with real issues in conversation with others.
Disagreements arenâ€™t just matters of opinion, but rather can reveal underlying value frameworks. For instance, by analyzing the underlying frameworks of Millâ€™s Utilitarianism and Kantâ€™s Deontology, we see that Mill and Kant donâ€™t merely disagree with what is moral or not, but they also seem to THINK about morality differently.
This matters because it allows us to see that perspectives that are unfamiliar (or that we disagree with) are often nevertheless rooted in value systems that can be shared or at least understood. Recognizing underlying value systems is one of the first and best ways to move forward when people who disagree deeply are at an impasse.
Learn to express your ideas clearly and concisely in writing.
Learn the argument essay format.
Practice critical thinking by evaluating moral theories and constructing your own argument.
For this assignment we will use a thought experiment like the Trolley problem that you read on philosophyexperiments.com and discussed in Weekly Discussion #7.
Suppose you are a train conductor on a runaway train. The train heads straight for five men who will not have time to get out of the way, and your train will kill them. But! You notice there is a track going to the right, and you have just enough time to pull the lever and turn onto that track. There is one person on that track who will die just as assuredly as the five would if you stayed on their track. Â Â Should you head to the right?Â
You will write an essay of approximately 1000 words which describes what you think John Stuart Mill would recommend that you do in the train scenario, what Kant would do in the train scenario, and what you would do in the train scenario and why you would choose to do that. This paper requires that you use in-text citations for any quotations you include and that you create a references page citing all of the references that you quote in the paper. You may use MLA style citations (a guide to these can be found here) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or APA style citations (a guide to these can be found here) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Submit your word processor document (Save your document as a PDF and attach the PDF).
Use the following guidelines to structure your paper. This is a kind of fill-in-the-blanks guide to writing this paper. Include the sentences in bold italic word for word in your paper. You will need several of your own sentences in addition to those provided below.
Introduction (1 or 2 paragraphs):
Your introductory paragraph should have the following (not necessarily in this order).
A. Thesis statement- You should state what you think is best to do in the situation described by the scenario. I think I should___________________. Â Fill in the blank with either divert the train to the right killing one person or not divert the train to the right even though this will result in the death of five people.
B. Background for the thesis. This should include mentioning that you will be evaluating what Utilitarianism and Deontology say about this thought experiment and a brief description of the thought experiment.
C. Plan of the Paper. It might help your reader to tell them how your paper will go. Something like: Â “I will begin by describing what John Stuart Mill would have me do in this situation. Next, I will contrast that with what Kant’s moral theory
Body Part I:
John Stuart Mill would probably want me to ____________________,Â
because _[explain one or more of the primary principles of Utilitarianism and how he would apply it to the train scenario to decide what I should do].
As he says, â€œ[pick a quote from Millâ€™s text that illustrates that specific principle]â€ (cite it too) and explain what the quote means in your own words, Â
His reasoning here plants him firmly within the Moral Framework called â€œThe ____________,â€ where morality is judged by looking at _______________________________
[Hint: the first blank should be either “good” or “right” and the second blank ought to be “consequences of our actions” or “what we have a duty to do.”]
Body Part II:Â
On the other hand, Kant reasons from framework called â€œThe ___________,â€ where morality is measured by considering _________________
[Hint: the first blank above should be either “good” or “right” and the second blank ought to be “consequences of our actions” or “what we have a duty to do.”]
Thus, he would most likely tell me to ___________________
For one thing, Kantâ€™s moral theory requires us to follow the Categorical Imperative: [pick one of the formulations of the CI and offer Kantâ€™s statement of it]â€ . (cite it too).
What Kant means here is ______________________
So, you can see that he is primarily concerned about _________________________ and he would probably conclude that I should ________________.
Body Part III:
Personally, I think I should Â _______________________
Even though I might share some of the values underlying _________â€™s position, like __________________________,
I nevertheless would decide to _________________________________
My reasoning here seems to fall under the framework called â€œThe __________â€ (or neither) because I am primarily focused on _________________________________
We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
The Product ordered is guaranteed to be original. Orders are checked by the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the market to assure that the Product is 100% original. The Company has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism.Read more
The Free Revision policy is a courtesy service that the Company provides to help ensure Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.Read more
The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.Read more
By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.Read more